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英美概论试题  

2006-07-17 17:17:08|  分类: 教育教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Test Paper of The Society and Culture of Major English-Speaking Countries

 

I. Explain the following: (20 points)

1.        George Washington 

 

2.        PC 

 

3.        NBA 

 

4.        the Prairies 

 

5.        Mark Twain 

 

II. Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions: (20 points)

1. The following were the founding fathers except_________.

         A. George Washington      B. Thomas Jefferson C. William Penn          D. Benjamin Franklin

2. Which of the following does NOT belong to the white collar crime? _________

         A. bribery          B. tax evasion             C. robbery         D. false advertising

3. The New Deal was started by ______________.

         A. Franklin Roosevelt        B. J. F. Kennedy                  C. Thomas Jefferson          D. George Washington

4. Which of the following is the only branch that can make federal laws and levy federal taxes? _______

         A. The executive       B. The legislative       C. The judicial            D. The president

5. Service industry does not include ________.

         A. banking                  B. management consultation      C. airline             D. steelmaking

6. Which of the following was written by Henry David Thoreau?

         A. Nature          B. Walden          C. The Scarlet Letter                   D. The Fall of the House of Usher

7. Three of the following universities have large endowments from wealthy benefactors. Which is the exception?

         A. Harvard University       B. the State University of California           

         C. Yale University               D. Stanford University

8. Due to his firm belief in nonviolent peaceful protest in the spirit of India’s leader Gandhi, Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in ___________.

         A. 1969     B. 1963      C. 1968      D. 1964

9. Which of the following was NOT one of the three forces that led to the modern development of Europe?

         A. The growth of capitalism.              B. The Renaissance.

         C. The Religious Reformation.            D. The spiritual leadership of the Roman Catholic Church.

10. ___________ was sent the title “the Wizard of Menlo Park”.

         A. Thomas A. Edison        B. John Stevens         C. Charlie Chaplin      D. Robert Fulton

11. The main mountain range in the west of US stretching from Canada to Mexico is ________.

         A. the Appalachian Mountains          B. The Rocky Mountains 

         C. the Green Mountains                       D. the Blue Ridge Mountains

12. The State of California is on _________.

         A. The Atlantic Coast        B. The Gulf of Mexico        C. The Pacific Coast           D. Carribean Sea

13. The United States is rated _________ in the world in terms of size and population.

         A. second                   B. third      C. fourth            D. fifth

14. Which of the following provinces is NOT one of the prairie provinces?

         A. Alberta                   B. Saskatchewan       C. New Brunswick              D. Manitoba

15. Which of the following was NOT one of the provinces that joined a confederation in 1867?

         A. Ontario         B. Quebec          C. Nova Scotia           D. British Columbia

16. Which province was the last one to join Canada in 1949?

         A. Nova Scotia          B. Newfoundland      C. Alberta          D. British Columbia

17. Which of the following provinces is the home of most French-speaking people in Canada?

         A. Manitoba               B. Saskatchewan       C. Ontario D. Quebec

18. Who is the most influential person in the Canadian government?

         A. the Queen    B. a Cabinet Minister                   C. the Prime Minister          D. the Governor General

19. Black Americans sang the anthem of the civil rights movement, “___________” affirming their commitment to fight racial prejudice.

         A. “Let it all hang out.”               B. “Hell, no, we won’t go.”

         C. “We Shall Overcome.”            D. “Speak your heart without interruption.”

20. When did President Nixon visit China to improve relations with the People's Republic of China?__________

         A. 1972    B. 1973         C. 1970         D. 1971

 

III. Fill in the blacks: (40 points)

1.        There are _______ states in America, including ______ states separated from the mainland.

2.        The Canadian Prairies refers to three agricultural provinces: ___________, _____________ and ___________.

3        The U. S. federal government consists of the following three branches: _____________, _____________, and __________________.

4.        There are two major political parties in the United States: ________________ and _______________ party.

5        The best-known stock exchange is __________________________ located in __________________ of New York City.

6.        About 90% of American students go to ________ schools and 10% attend __________schools.

7        Mark Twain’s ___________________________________________________________ is considered the greatest novel in American literature.

8.        Canada consists of _________ provinces and ________ territories.

9.     After earning a certain number of credits (about 120) in four years of college, the undergraduate student gets a ____________ degree. The other two degrees are ____________ and _____________.

10.     The civil rights movement, together with ______________________ and _____________________ during the 1960s had been deeply rooted in American history.

11.     In 1968, the famous civil rights movement leader, ___________________ was assassinated.

12.     The capital of Canada is ______________.  The largest city is ______________.

13.     Former president _____________ said that crime is America’s “number one enemy.”

14.     Columbus discovered the New World in the year of _________.

15.     American Indians had developed three brilliant civilizations before the Europeans arrived. These three civilizations were ______________, ____________, and ________________.

16.     The Grand Canyon is carved away for nearly 6 million years by the waters of ______________ River.

17.     The city where the Declaration of Independence was signed and where the US constitution was made is ___________________.

Canada is quite a new country; it first became a political entity in _________ when four provinces joined together.

18.     The border between the United States and Canada is mainly along the __________ parallel.

19.     The official head of Canada is ____________. As she doesn’t live in Canada, she is represented by __________________.

20.     The biggest city in U. S. is _____________.

23.     In the summer of 1963, hundreds of thousands of peaceful demonstrators, marched to Washington D. C., where __________________ gave his famous __________________________________ speech.

24.     The most famous scenic spot on the American and Canadian border is ________________.

 

IV. Writing: (20 points)

 

         Some people believe that it is helpful to know some cultural, social and historical background of English-speaking countries, others may disagree with that because they think they are just learning English and don’t need to know too much about other things. Try to argue it and write a composition of about 120  words.
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